Circulating fluidized bed combustion for biomass boiler

Summary:Biomass combustion technologies burn a variety of biomass fuels, including wood, crop remnants, wood pulp and chips, and municipal solid waste. These materials are difficult to burn efficiently in conventional furnaces because of several inherent properties, including overall low heating value, low fixed carbon, and higher moisture content.

11-06-2015

Biomass combustion technologies burn a variety of biomass fuels, including wood, crop remnants, wood pulp and chips, and municipal solid waste. These materials are difficult to burn efficiently in conventional furnaces because of several inherent properties, including overall low heating value, low fixed carbon, and higher moisture content.

Circulating fluidized bed combustion for biomass boiler
A boiler is a better choice for burning biomass because it transfers the heat of combustion into steam. It is also a cleaner reaction when it comes to agricultural waste—in conventional combustion systems potassium and sodium compounds contained in plant matter react with other elements during combustion, creating slag deposits; this is not generally a problem for biomass fired CFB boilers.

Efficiency of the CFB Combustion Process

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Fluidized-bed boilers are the most common type of boiler recommended for biomass fuel, which is burned within a hot bed of inert particles, typically sand. The fuel-particle mix is suspended by an upward flow of combustion air within the bed. As velocities increase the gas/solid mix exhibits fluid-like properties. According to the EPA's "Combined Heat and Power Partnership Biomass fired cogeneration plant CHP Catalog," the scrubbing action of the bed material on the fuel also enhances the combustion process by "stripping away the CO2 and solids residue (char) that normally forms around the fuel particles . . . allowing oxygen to reach the combustible material more readily and increase the rate and efficiency of the combustion process."
This process also increases heat transfer and allows for lower operating temperatures: bed temperatures range about 1,400° F to 1,600° F, far less than the 2,200° F for a spreader stoker boiler. Lower boiler temperatures also produce less nitrogen oxide, an environmental and regulatory benefit when burning high nitrogen-content wood and biomass fuels. Suflur dioxide emissions from wood waste and biomass are generally insignificant; however, if sulfur is a contaminant it can be neutralized by adding limestone to the fluid bed.

Circulating or Bubbling ?

Boiler engineers can choose between two main types of fluidized-bed boilers—bubbling fluidized bed (BFB) and circulating fluidized bed (CFB). In BFB boilers the velocity of the combustion air is low enough that the fluidized particles remain in the lower furnace; in a CFB unit the velocity is greater and hot particles are circulated through the entire range of the boiler combustion zone. The fuel is in contact with the particles and effective mixing and combustion allows good efficiency and low emissions. Typically 97% to 99% of all burnable carbon in the fuel stream is combusted, even hard-to-burn materials. Boiler thermal efficiencies can be as high as 87% or more. Although both BFB and CFB systems are effective with biofuels, CFB is especially suitable for large boiler load ranges.
"Bed combustion temperature control is fundamental to fluid-bed boilers," writes J. P. DeFusco in A Comparison of Fluid-Bed Technologies for Renewable Energy Applications. "Bed temperature is controlled to limit emissions and to limit bed material agglomeration."
Agglomeration can be caused by alkaline ash, other metals, and phosphates combining with alumina and silica to form low-melting-point eutectics that coat the bed particles. If alkali concentrations are too high the coatings melt and bond the particles together; these larger agglomerated particles become too heavy and interfere with the fluidization process.
CFB technology provides fuel flexibility in that it can burn wood and high Btu fuels. The report that CFBs are common in Europe for renewable energy projects that burn lower moisture fuels, such as clean urban waste wood.
"Making the decision between a BFB or CFB boiler plants is not always obvious and should be evaluated on a case-by-case basis," advises DeFusco. "Parasitic power requirements play a very important role in the evaluation process and ultimately system reliability is critical for any given project. That evaluation begins with a thorough understanding of fuels, fuel variability, and ash characteristics while being further influenced by emissions requirements."

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We have over 70 years' experience of boiler and autoclave, and we have a professional installation and after-sales staff for products.Take advantage of the most economical way to improve efficiency and operating flexibility, Get substantial savings on your fuel costs,Reduce all emissions for each K/W of electricity generated, including CO2.

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Our Circulating fluidized bed combustion for biomass boiler manufactured strictly according to national and international standard. our products have approved ASME, IBR, ISO9001-2008, etc

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Basic Information of CFB Boiler manufacturer--- ZG Boiler

Established:In 1945

Number of Employees:above 1500 People

Our products:industrial horizontal steam boiler and hot water boiler(biomass boiler, gas boiler, oil boiler, coal boiler, etc), CFB boiler, power plant boiler, waste heating recovery boiler, Pressure Vessel(AAC autoclave, Curing tank,etc )

Factory Size (Sq.meters):400,000 square meters

Factory Location:Factory 1: Zhengzhou,,Henan, China. Factory 2: Xingyang,Henan,China

Number of R&D Staff:376 people

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Export Percentage:30-40%

Total Annual Sales Volume:US$100 Million

Main Market:South America(Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil, Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay, Argentina and French Guiana),
North America(Bahamas, Canada, Costa Rica, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Haiti, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama),
Eastern Asia(Mongolia / Russia / North Korea / South Korea / Japan),
Oceania(Australia, New Zealand, Fiji),
Mid East(Bahrain, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, UAE and Yemen, Palestine, Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia and Sudan, Mauritania and Somalia),
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South Asia(Nepal, Bhutan, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Maldives)
Southeast Asia(Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Myanmar, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Brunei, the Philippines, East Timor)
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Pre product: China Pressurized Circulating Fluidized Bed Combustion (PCFBC)

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Biomass CFB Boiler Plant in Bahamas

In Bahamas, the biomass can be burned using conventional combustion technology like grate furnace or fluidized bed boilers. For power generation the biomass would be charged to the furnace of a steam boiler.Steam produces by the boiler will then drive a steam turbine generator to generate electricity. The typical capacity range for biomass power plants 1-20MW.

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Zhengzhou Boiler Co., Ltd (ZG Group), founded in 1945, is a joint-stock enterprise with A Grade Boiler design and manufacture license permits. Over 60 years' experience in Boiler design and manufacturing has rewarded us with an industrial boiler(circulating fluidized bed boiler, oil & gas fired boiler, chain grate boiler, waste heat boiler).

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